2018 Ballot Questions

Initiatives, referenda, amendments and propositions are on the ballot in several states and localities. Below is a listing of qualified select ballot measures at the state and local level.

Selected State Ballot Measures

Disclaimer: The selected measures listed are not final and are subject to changes, additions and eliminations before the occurrence of primary and general elections as said measures progress toward ballot qualification. For additional information, please contact Meghan Holihan at msh@stateside.com

State Title/Name Summary Date Results
Oregon Measure 101 Measure 101 addresses taxes that would be used to fund the percentage of Medicaid expansion the federal government does not currently fund. 1/23/18 Passed Yes - 61.6% No - 38.4%
Wisconsin Question 1 Question 1 will decide whether the state shall eliminate the elected position of state treasurer. 4/3/18 Failed No - 61% Yes - 39%
California Proposition 71 This ballot proposition would move the effective date of ballot propositions to the fifth day after the secretary of state certifies election results, rather than the day after the election. 6/5/18 Passed Yes - 76.9% No - 23.1%
California Proposition 70 This ballot proposition would determine whether a one-time two-thirds vote in each chamber of the state legislature in 2024 or thereafter would be required to pass a spending plan for revenue from the state's cap-and-trade program for greenhouse gases. 6/5/18 Failed No - 63.6% Yes - 36.4%
Oklahoma Question 788 This question addresses the legalization of marijuana for medical purposes. 6/26/18 Passed Yes - 56.86% No - 43.14%
California Proposition 1 This measure would determine authorization of $4 billion in general obligation bonds for housing-related programs, loans, grants, and projects as well as housing loans for veterans. 11/6/18 Pending
Arkansas Issue 1 This measure would determine if the state capped attorney contingency fees, limit punitive damages and non-economic damages awards, and allow the legislature to adopt, amend, or repeal rules regarding pleading, practice, or procedure prescribed by the state supreme court. 11/6/18 Pending
Arkansas Issue 2 This measure would determine if an individual must present a valid photo identification card to cast non-provisional ballots in person or absentee. The amendment would empower the legislature to determine the types of ID allowed. 11/6/18 Pending
Colorado Amendment V This mesaure would determine if the age qualification to run for the state legislature will be reduced from 25 to 21 years old. 11/6/18 Pending
Florida Amendment 3 This measure would determine if casino gambling will be authorized in the state. This measure considers card games, casino games, and slot machines to be casino gambling. 11/6/18 Pending
Indiana Question 1 This measure would determine if the state legislature is required to enact a balanced budget for each biennial budget period. 11/6/18 Pending
Missouri Proposition A This measure would determine if S.B. 19, which was designed to enact a right-to-work law to mandate that no person can be required to join a labor union or pay dues to a labor union, will be upheld. 8/7/18 Failed No - 67.46% Yes - 35.53%
Nevada Question 2 This mesaure would determine if feminine hygiene products will be exempt from the sales and use tax. 11/6/18 Pending
Nevada Question 3 This measure would determine if a constitutional amendment is adopted that will require the legislature to establish an open, competitive retail electric energy market, reduce energy market regulations, and prohibit energy monopolies. 11/6/18 Pending
Nevada Question 4 This measure would determine if the legislature is required to exempt durable medical equipment, oxygen delivery equipment, and mobility enhancing equipment from the sales and use tax. 11/6/18 Pending
Nevada Question 5 This measure would determine if automatic voter registration of eligible citizens when receiving certain services from the DMV will be authorized. 11/6/18 Pending
South Dakota Amendment W This measure would determine if the state constitution will be amended to revise campaign finance and lobbying laws, create a government accountability board, and establish new laws governing the initiative and referendum process. 11/6/18 Pending
South Dakota Measure 24 This measure would determine if contributions made by individuals, PACs, and other entities from outside the state will be banned in future election cycles. 11/6/18 Pending
Ohio Issue 1 Issue 1 will determine if the current partisan process for drawing congressional districts by a simple majority vote of the Ohio General Assembly. It requires a map to be adopted with bipartisan support. 5/8/18 Passed Yes - 74.85% No - 25.15%
Maine Question 1 This measure will determine if parts of a new law that would delay the use of ranked-choice voting in the election of candidates for any state or federal office until 2022 will be rejected. 6/12/18 Passed Yes - 54% No - 45%
Florida Amendment 4 This amendment would restore felons' voting rights. This measure has exclusions. 11/6/18 Pending
Florida Amendment 5 This amendment would prohibit the legislature from imposing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipality, school board, or special district. 11/6/18 Pending
Florida Amendment 9 This amendment would prohibit the drilling for exploration and extraction of oil and natural gas in specified coastal waters and amend Section 20 of Article X of the State Constitution to establish a general prohibition on the use of vapor-generating electronic devices in enclosed indoor workplaces. 11/6/18 Pending
South Dakota Measure 26 This measure limits the amount that a State agency may pay for a prescription drug. Under the measure, a State agency may not directly or indirectly pay more for a prescription drug than the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs pays for that same drug. 11/6/18 Pending
South Dakota Measure 25 This measure increases the State tax on tobacco products sold in the state. The tax onL packs containing 20 cigarettes would increase $ 1 .00 per pack, and 21-cigarelte packs would increase $ 1 .25 per pack. Tax on other types of tobacco products such as cigars, roll-your-own, and chewing tobacco would change from the current rate (35Yo of the wholesale price) and be increased to 55% of the wholesale price. 11/6/18 Pending
Maine Question 1 The measure will establish Universal Home Care Program to provide in-home and community support services to individuals and families determined to be eligible under this chapter at no cost to those individuals and families. The measure enacts a new payroll tax and a new non-wage income tax to pay for the Program. 11/6/18 Pending
Utah Proposition #3 This measure would expand Medicaid and Utah's Children's Health Insurance Program. 11/6/18 Pending
Utah Proposition #4 This act establishes the Utah Independent Redistricting Commission to enact standards, procedures, and requirements related to redistricting by the Legislature and redistricting plans recommended by the Commission. 11/6/18 Pending
California Proposition 6 This would repeal the 2017 gas tax. It would also require any measure to enact certain vehicle fuel taxes and vehicle fees be submitted to and approved by the electorate. 11/6/18 Pending
California Proposition 8 This would authorize state regulation of kidney dialysis clinics. 11/6/18 Pending
California Proposition 10 This would repeal state law that currently restricts the scope of rent-control policies that cities and other local jurisdictions may impose. 11/6/18 Pending
California Proposition 12 This would establish new minimum space requirements for confining veal calves, breeding pigs, and egg-laying hens; requires egg-laying hens to be raised in cage-free environments after December 31, 2021. It also prohibits certain commercial sales of specified meat and egg products from animals confined in non-complying manner. 11/6/18 Pending
Florida Amendment 12 This amendment would expand current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by serving public officers and former justices and judges; provides exceptions; prohibits abuse of a public position by public officers and employees to obtain a personal benefit. 11/6/18 Pending
Washington Initiative 1639 This measure would create an enhanced background check system applicable to semiautomatic rifles, require firearm safety courses, and require the purchaser of such weapons to be at least 21 years of age. 11/6/18 Pending
Washington Initiative 1634 This measure would prohibit local governments from imposing a tax on groceries. 11/6/18 Pending
Washington Initiative 1631 This measure would impose a fee on larger emitters based on their pollution. Revenue from the fee must go be invested in clean energy, clean water, and healthy communities initiatives. 11/6/18 Pending
Massachusetts Question 1 This measure would limit the number of patients that could be assigned to one registered nurse in hospitals and certain other health care facilities. 11/6/18 Pending
Alabama Amendment 4 This amendment would require a vacancy in the House or Senate to remain vacant until the next general election if the vacancy occurs on or after October 1 in the third year of a quadrennium. 11/6/18 Pending
Arizona Proposition 126 This measure would prohibit state and local governments from enacting any new or increasing tax on services that was not already in effect on December 31, 2017. 11/6/18 Pending
Arizona Proposition 127 This amendment would replace the state's current plan for increasing renewable energy use by imposing a new mandate requiring nongovernmental electric utilities to increase the portion of their retail energy sales generated from certain types of renewable resources to 50% by 2030. 11/6/18 Pending
Arkansas Issue 3 This amendment would propose term limits for members of the General Assembly. 11/6/18 Pending
Arkansas Issue 5 This measure would increase the state's minimum wage to $11. 11/6/18 Pending
Colorado Amendment Y This amendment would create the Independent Congressional Redistricting Commission. 11/6/18 Pending
Idaho Proposition Two This measure would expand Medicaid. 11/6/18 Pending
Louisiana Amendment No. 2 This measure would require a unanimous jury verdict in all noncapital felony cases. 11/6/18 Pending
Michigan Proposal 18-2 This amendment would create a citizens commission to adopt districts for the state Senate, state House, and U.S. Congress every 10 years. 11/6/18 Pending
Michigan Proposal 18-1 This measure would legalize use and sale of marijuana products. 11/6/18 Pending
Missouri Amendment 1 This amendment would implement redistricting reform and limit contributions for legislative candidates and candidate committees. 11/6/18 Pending
Missouri Amendment 2 This amendment allows the use of marijuana for medical purposes under state laws. This amendment does not change federal law, which makes marijuana possession, sale and cultivation a federal offense. This amendment creates regulations and licensing procedures for medical marijuana and medical marijuana facilities — dispensary, cultivation, testing and marijuana-infused product manufacturing facilities. This amendment creates licensing fees for such facilities. This amendment will impose a 4 percent tax on the retail sale of marijuana for medical purposes by dispensary facilities. 11/6/18 Pending
MIssouri Amendment 3 This amendment allows the use of marijuana for medical purposes under state laws. This amendment does not change federal law, which makes marijuana possession, sale and cultivation a federal offense. This amendment makes Brad Bradshaw (the contact person on this initiative petition) the research chairperson of a newly created research institute that is funded by fees and taxes on medical marijuana. Brad Bradshaw will select the members of the board that will govern the research institute, which will issue regulations and licensing procedures for medical marijuana and medical marijuana facilities — dispensary, cultivation, and marijuana-infused product manufacturing facilities. This amendment creates licensing fees for such facilities. The amendment imposes a 15 percent tax on the retail sale of marijuana for medical purposes by dispensary facilities and a tax on the wholesale sale of marijuana flowers and leaves by cultivation facilities. 11/6/18 Pending
Missouri Proposition B This measure would raise the state's minimum wage to $12. 11/6/18 Pending
Nevada Question 6 This amendment would set new minimum standards for renewable energy use beginning in 2022 so that by 2030 each provider of electric service shall generate or acquire from renewable energy systems at least 50% of the total amount of electricity sold by the provider to its retail customers in a year. 11/6/18 Pending
North Dakota Initiated Constitutional Measure No. 1 This measure would create an ethics commission. The measure provides for bans on gifts and delivery of contributions. The measure directs the legislature to enact laws requiring electronically accessible public disclosure of the source of funds spend in to influence statewide and legislation elections. 11/6/18 Pending
North Dakota Initiated Statutory Measure No. 3 This measure would legalize marijuana and expunges the existing records for individuals with a conviction. 11/6/18 Pending
Oklahoma Proposition 793 This measure allows optometrists and opticians to practice in retail establishments. It also states that no law shall infringe on retail mercantile establishments' ability to sell prescription optical goods and services. 11/6/18 Pending
Oklahoma Proposition 798 This measure would require candidates running for governor and lieutenant governor (from the same political party) to run on a single ticket. 11/6/18 Pending
Oregon Measure 103 This amendment would prohibit state and local taxes on groceries. 11/6/18 Pending

Selected Local Ballot Measures

Municipality State Title/Name Summary Date Results
Los Angeles County California Measure I This measure determines if marijuana businesses will be allowed to operate in Compton's limited commercial and commercial and manufacturing zones. 01/23/2018 Failed Yes - 23% No - 77%
Los Angeles County California Measure C This measure determines if indoor cultivation of marijuana will be allowed in Compton's commercial manufacturing zones. 01/23/2018 Failed Yes - 23% No - 76%
Nashville and Davidson County Tennessee Transit Referendum This measure will allow the Metropolitan Government to expand transit services to include additional bus service, new transit lines, new light rain or rapid transit, and additional items. This will be funded by surcharges including a 0.25% surcharge on the hotel tax, 20% surcharge on the business tax, and 20% surcharge on rental car tax. 05/01/2018 Failed Yes - 36% No - 64%
San Francisco California Measure E This measure will adopt an ordinance amending the Health Code to prohibit tobacco retailers from selling flavored tobacco products, including menthol cigarettes. 06/05/2018 Passed Yes - 68.4% No - 31.6%
San Francisco California Measure F This measure would require the City to establish, fund and run a program to provide legalrepresentation for all residential tenants in San Francisco whose landlords are attempting to evictthem from where they live. 06/05/2018 Passed Yes - 55.6% No - 44.4%
Palm Springs California Measure C This measure maintains the prohibition on the vacation rental of apartments in the City, effective January 1, 2019, permits the vacation rental of condominiums, but amends Chapter 5.25 of the Code to prohibit the vacation rental of single family residences in the City. This new prohibition against vacation rental of all single family residences shall be effective twenty-four (24) months after the initiative measure's effective date. 06/05/2018 Failed Yes - 31.6% No - 68.4%
Washington, D.C. N/A Initiative 77 This initiative will gradually increase the minimum wage in the District of Columbia to $15 hourly by 2020; gradually increase the minimum wage for tipped employees so that they receive the same minimum wage directly from their employer as other employees by 2026; Beginning in 2021, require minimum wage to increase yearly in proportion to increases in the consumer price index. 06/19/2018 Passed Yes - 55.14% No - 44.86%
Flagstaff Arizona Proposition 418 This will decrease the minimum wage in the City to match the state's minimum wage. 11/06/2018 Pending
Alameda California Measure K This measure will renew Ordinance 3148, a rent control law passed in 2016. 11/06/2018 Pending
Berkeley California Measure R This measure will advise the Mayor to work with citizens to create a 30-year plan that addresses climate change and infrastructure. 11/06/2018 Pending
Portland Oregon Measure 26-200 This measure will limit campaign contributions and require disclosures for campaign communications for City electeds. 11/06/2018 Pending
Portland Oregon Measure 26-201 This measure will mandate large retailers, as defined, pay a 1% surcharge on Portland revenues to fund clean renewable energy projects and job training. 11/06/2018 Pending
Memphis Tennessee TBD This measure would eliminate runoff elections for the City. 11/06/2018 Pending